Relationship Between Husband's Support and Quality of Life Among Menopausal Women in Bandung City

Abstract

Menopause is a period of permanent cessation of menstruation which can cause the production of the hormones estrogen, progesterone and testosterone to stop. Quality of life is influenced by several factors including age, education, work and husband’s support. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between husband’s support and the quality of life of postmenopausal women in RW 11, the target area of the Babakan Sari Public Health Center in Kiaracondong District. A cross sectional study design was used. The sample consisted of 42 women aged 45-59 years with the criteria of normal menopausal women with husbands, recruited using accidental sampling. The WHOQOL-BREF (WHO Quality of Life - BREF) instrument was used to collect data on the quality of life, and husband’s support was measured using the Azwar questionnaire. Analyses included univariate analysis using frequency distributions and bivariate analysis using Spearman’s rank. 76.2% of respondents received high support from their husbands and 29 respondents (69.0%) had a good quality of life. A significant relationship was found (p = 0.01, with a correlation coefficient of 0.409, indicating a moderate relationship). This study therefore showed that there was a relationship between husband’s support and the quality of life of menopausal women in Kiaracondong District. So, it is very important for postmenopausal women to have the support of their husbands to improve and maintain their quality of life.


Keywords: husband’s support, quality of life, menopause

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