Use of Local Natural Resources to Reduce the Chernobyl Radiocesium Trace in Agriculture


The search for ways to reduce the Chernobyl radiocesium trace in agriculture has been a relevant task in Kaluga Region for many decades. This problem particularly concerns personal subsidiary farms that did not take any centralized protective measures on rehabilitation of polluted soils. In this regard the purpose of the study was to develop measures of safe economic use of personal subsidiary garden soils and natural meadows as hayfields and pastures. The study utilizes comparative and analytical, instrumental and statistical methods. Based on the study of dynamics of natural change of specific activity of meadow plant formation, alluvial soil and cattle milk the half-reduction period for the level of bioproduct pollution within 7–8 years caused by stronger binding and physical disintegration of radiocesium is defined. Seasonal dynamics of radiocesium reduction in hay of a meadow ecosystem and milk of cows of personal subsidiary plots from April to July of the vegetative period is established. The radio reclamative ability of activated sludge and ground tripolite when receiving products in personal subsidiary plots is proved.

[1] Syunyaev, N.K., Kokoreva, V.V., Tyutyunkova, M.V., Filippova, A.V. (2011). Radio-tracer method of modern agrogenic transformation of the soil cover in Kaluga region. Bulletin of OSAU, no. 2(30), pp. 224–226.

[2] Aleksakhin, R.M. (2006). Problems of radio ecology: evolution of ideas. Outcomes. Moscow: Russian Agricultural Academy; Russian Institute of Radiology and Agroecology.

[3] Sanzharova, N.I., Geshel, I.V., Mikailova, R.A., Krylenkin, D.V., Gordienko, E.V. (2018). Remediation of Agricultural Lands Contaminated by 90Sr. Springer, Cham.

[4] Sanzharova, N.I., Panov, A.V., Isamov, N.N., Prudnikov, P.V. (2016). Protective and rehabilitation actions in agriculture: to the 30th anniversary of the ChNPP accident. Agrochemical bulletin no. 2, pp. 5–9.

[5] Aleksakhin, R.M., Sanzharova, N.I., Fesenko, S.V. (2006). Chernobyl, agriculture, environment. Obninsk: Russian Institute of Radiology and Agroecology.

[6] Sanzharova, N.I., Fesenko, S.V., Romanovich, I.K. et al. (2016). Radiological aspects of return of the territories of the Russian Federation damaged by the Chernobyl accident to normal conditions. Radiation biology. Radio ecology, vol. 56, no. 3, pp. 322–335.

[7] Balonov, M., Kashparov, V., Nikolaenko, A., Berkovskyy, V., Fesenko, S. (2018). Harmonisation of standards for permissible radionuclide activity concentrations in foodstuffs in the long term after the Chernobyl accident. Journal of Radiological Protection, no. 38(2), pp 854–867.

[8] Fesenko, S.V., Alexakhin, R.M., Spiridonov, S.J., Sanzharova, N.I. (1995). Dynamics of 137Cs Concentration in Agricultural Production in Areas of Russia Subjected to Contamination after the Accident at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant. Radiat, Protect. Dosimetry, vol. 60, no. 2, pp. 155–166.

[9] Anisimov, V.S., Geraskin, S.A., Geshel, I.V. et al. (2018). Radioecological consequences of the Chernobyl accident: biological effects, migration, rehabilitation of polluted territories. Moscow: Russian Academy of Sciences.

[10] Syunyaev, N.K., Kokoreva, V.V., Syunyaeva, O.I., Shestakova, G.A. (2008). Radiocesium in ecosystems of Kaluga region. Kaluga: Russian State Agrarian University; Moscow: Timiryazev Agricultural Academy.