The Relation Between Working Time of A Mother with the Success of Exclusive Breastfeeding in Bergas Lor Village, Bourgas District


The Government has determined exclusive breastfeeding from birth to six months but some women are not exclusively breastfeeding baby until six months of age. The time for work outside home takes up to more than eight hours is one of many factors that cause the mother didn’t give exclusive breastfeeding. The goal of this study is to examine the relation between the working time of mother with the success of exclusive breastfeeding in Bergas Lor village, Bourgas district. The design of this research used correlative study with cross-sectional approach. The samples were all working mothers who have children from 7 to 12 months in February 2013 and 43 mothers became samples by using purposive sampling, and data collecting used questionnaires. The data analysis used Chi-Square test. The result showed from 43 surveyed respondents,
28 mothers (65.1%) worked more than 8 hours/day, and 30 mothers (69.8%) didn’t get successful to give exclusive breastfeeding. The conclusion of the Chi-Square test based on Yates’ Continuity Correction gets X2
value 4.268 with p-value 0.039. Because of p-value < α (0.05), Null Hypothesis was rejected and concluded that there was a relation between the working time of mother with the success of exclusive breastfeeding. Mothers should breastfeed their babies exclusively from childbirth until six months by using the facilities of the breastfeeding room or by storing her breast milk in the refrigerator before going to work.

Keywords: Working mothers; working time; the success of exclusive; breastfeeding

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