Author Guidelines

On this webpage, you will find Knowledge E’s guidelines, editorial, and technical instructions for the preparation of your manuscript. Any inquiries regarding the guidelines or questions related to submission & publication of your manuscript should be addressed to

Manuscript Structure

We do not have strict formatting requirements, but all manuscripts must contain the essential elements needed to convey the content in clearly defined sections: Title, Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion and/or Conclusions, References, Figures and Tables with Captions, and any Supplementary Material required.

Submission Checklist

  • Full author names: First name(s), Surname(s)
  • Author affiliations: department, institution, city, state, country
  • Corresponding author: name, email address
  • The abstract does not exceed 500 words
  • 3–6 keywords (optional)
  • The manuscript file contains all essential sections: Article Title, Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, References, Figure Captions, Tables.
  • Ensure tables and figures are mentioned in the text, e.g ‘As shown in Fig. 4’
  • All references mentioned in the references list should be mentioned in the text, and vice versa
  • All necessary declarations (acknowledgments, conflict of interests, supporting grants, presentations) have been made
  • All manuscript and supplementary material files have been uploaded
  • The preferred electronic format for text is Microsoft Word.


Authors are responsible for ensuring that the information in each reference is accurate. All references must be numbered sequentially and all references mentioned in the references list are cited in the text, and vice versa. Citations of references in text should be identified using numbers in square brackets (e.g., “as discussed by Walker [4]”; or “as explained in [3, 8]”).

Units of Measurement

Units of measurement should be presented using System International (SI) units.


Authors will receive the typeset page proofs for final approval. Authors should either approve or return the proofs with any corrections within 3-4 days of receipt.

Language Editing Service

Knowledge E and Editage-the preferred provider of author support services to publishers, journals, and societies globally- announced a partnership to offer manuscript language editing services to researchers. For more information and details or to get a quote, please visit


Knowledge E publishes all its content under the Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) license; you can find the full license legal code here and the human-readable summary here. Under this license, authors retain ownership of the copyright for their content, but it allows anyone to download, reuse, reprint, modify, distribute, and/or copy the content as long as the original authors and source are cited. No permission is required from the authors or the publisher.

Publication Ethics

Knowledge E makes every effort to ensure high quality scholarship in all published articles and conference papers on the KnE Publishing Platform. The platform exists in order to share best practices and accelerate the advance of academic research from regions all over the world. In order to achieve this goal, we aim to instill confidence in our readers. Knowledge E therefore adheres to the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) Code of Conduct and Best Practice Guidelines To find more information and details about Knowledge E Publication Ethics and Publication Malpractice Statement, please visit

CrossMark Policy

CrossMark is a multi-publisher initiative to provide a standard way for readers to locate the current version of a piece of content. By applying the CrossMark logo, Knowledge E is committing to maintaining the content it publishes and to alerting readers to changes if and when they occur.

By clicking on the CrossMark logo will tell you the current status of a document. For more information about CrossMark, please check at


Think. Check. Submit. Initiative

Think. Check. Submit. is a campaign to help researchers identify trusted journals for their research. It is a simple checklist researchers can use to assess the credentials of a journal or publisher. Knowledge E encourage all the researchers to use the suggested checklist when deciding which journal to publish their research in. For more details and information, please visit The Arabic version was released by Knowledge E is available at

ORCID (Open Researcher and Contributor ID)

Authors are strongly encouraged to obtain and include an ORCiD identifier and to include this in their contact details after their email address. ORCID provides a persistent digital identifier that distinguishes each author separately from every other researcher and, through integration in key research workflows such as manuscript and grant submission, supports automated linkages between authors and their professional activities ensuring that their work is recognized. See (there is no charge to sign up for these).

Useful Resources

  • INASP Handbook for Editors and Publishers, Edited by Pippa Smart
  • APA reference style – this website gives examples of references in APA style
  • AuthorAID Website – the resources section has hundreds of presentations and guides on how to write a scientific paper.
  • Canberra: Notes on the Structure of a Scientific Paper: These guidelines were prepared with the aid of Robert Day's entertaining book "How to Write and Publish a Scientific Paper"
  • Citations: useful guide on how to cite internet (online) publications.
  • George Mason University – guide to writing a scientific paper.
  • PKP School – free online training on writing for publication.