Land Use Change Detection and Urban Sprawl Monitoring in Metropolitan Area of Jakarta (Jabodetabek) from 2001 to 2015


Being 13th largest city in the world makes Jakarta as a fascinating city in South East Asia. Its surrounding regions are included in a particular metropolitan area called “Jabodetabek”. Population growth in this metropolitan area about 10 million only in 15 years from 2000 to 2015. Consequently, loss of vegetation and agricultural land, less water resources, increasing demand for housing and transportation infrastructure as the effect of this ever-growing population take place. This phenomenon can be detected using Landsat satellites images. The settlement or urban area in Jabodetabek shows a huge increase in percentage from 2001 to 2015, so much that the urban area is the dominant land cover and reaches up to 61 percent of Jabodetabek in year 2015. Moreover settlement density in Jabodetabek (ring zones 25 to 45 km from central city) shows an increase of more than 20% urban areas in year 2015. Furthermore, the result of compactness reveals that this urban expansion in Jabodetabek was spread out from 2001 to 2008 and became more compacted by 2015.

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