Assessment of Different Real Time Precise Point Positioning Correction Over the Sea Area


In a global scale, the accuracy of Real Time Precise Point Positioning (RT-PPP) method in Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) point positioning is within cm to dm level. Unlike other conventional method in GNSS point positioning which used differential data to minimize the error sources, RT-PPP used additional orbit correction, clock correction and other atmospheric correction to minimize the error since RT-PPP is an absolute point positioning method. Currently, there are several providers who give the orbit correction and clock correction in real-time. Not only in the land area, this service can be also used in sea area. Thus, this research aims to analyse the differences in point determination derived from RT-PPP method by using several service providers in sea area. The RT-PPP data acquisition used three different receivers with unique service correction, namely RTX correction from Trimble Net R9 receiver, ATLAS correction from Hemisphere receiver and Veripos correction from Hemisphere receiver. All these antennas were set up on the ship with a controlled distance and the point coordinates were estimated from Seribu Island to Ancol, Jakarta with a different time interval for each receiver due to the technical limitations. To assess the point positioning stability, the distance between each antenna derived from point positioning then evaluated by comparing to its controlled distance. The results indicate that a time lag is found in Trimble Net R9 compared with the others, and it should be corrected first before applying the further analysis. In general, after removing the outliers, the distance and the precision between each antenna between Veripos-ATLAS is 4.472 ± 0.040 m, RTX-ATLAS is 2.054 ± 0.077 m and RTX-Veripos is 3.947 ± 0.060 m. Therefore, RT-PPP method can be used as an alternative in precise point positioning in sea area.

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